Numerical investigation of Lagrangian coherent structures in steady rotation vortex shedding control
In this paper, vortex shedding and suppression of vortex shedding are numerically investigated as autonomous and non-autonomous dynamical systems respectively. Lagrangian coherent structures (LCSs) are used as a numerical tool to analyze these systems. These structures are ridges of Finite time lyapunov exponent (FTLE) which act as material surfaces that are transport barriers within the flow. Initially, the utility of LCSs is explored for revealing the coherent structures of these systems. Finally, an active flow control method, steady rotation is applied to the non-autonomous dynamical system with different speed ratios to mitigate vortex shedding magnitude. This will eventually turn the system into an autonomous system. Fixed saddle points, separation profiles essentially as unstable time variant manifolds attached to cylinder wall and evolution of other unstable manifolds with variant speed ratios are analyzed with reference to LCSs. It is revealed that speed ratio of 2.1 fully suppresses the von Karman vortex street of Reynolds number 100 and system then turns into an autonomous dynamical system with fixed saddle points and time-invariant manifolds.