HEALTH EFFECT OF EMISSION FROM ELECTRIC AND BIO-DIESEL VEHICLES – A REVIEW
The transport vehicles have been using internal combustion engine for many decades. Internal combustion engine is used because of their high reliability. The transport sector plays a vital role in the country’s economy. It is estimated that about 90% of the transportation sector uses fossil fuels. With the increasing industrialization there will be shortage in the fossil fuels. Every year there is increase in the energy demand by 2%, stated by International Energy Agency Report. There would be 39% increase in the greenhouse gas emission by the year 2030 from the fossil fuels. With the rising concern about the climate change and the increasing amount of toxic emissions, manufacturers of the car are getting aware and are shifting towards less polluting vehicles or green vehicles. Biodiesel is also gaining interest and is being preferred because of its continued availability, emission characteristics and the limited resources and increasing demand of petroleum increases the demand of biodiesel. It is growing popularity as an alternative fuel because of its environmental and profitable benefits. Many industries and vehicles release air pollutants which causes a lot of harm to the environment and the human health. Air pollutants in the human body can cause illness, increase death of can be hazardous to the health of the humans. This paper gives a review of the emissions from biodiesel and electric vehicles and the health effects.