Application of architecture principles in reviving historical buildings

  • Banaz Muhealddin Architecture Department, University of Sulaimani
  • Hendren Abdulrahman University of Sulaimani / Architecture Department
  • Alan Ali Sulaimani Polytechnic University
Keywords: Architectural preservation, conservation, Revival, historical building, maintenance.


The topic of preservation of heritage is a priority and is of serious importance in the context of issues of concern to the countries of the world. It is a clear indication of the progress of civilizations, the one from which subsequent generations derive their culture and their architectural identity. The research considers terms related to philosophical, cultural, economic, educational and sustainability aspects. Though, the focus of the paper is not to explain the goal of conservation on prevention and maintenance only. Nevertheless, the aim is to clarify the mechanisms related to the concept of the conservation policy, the way of its development and ease of access, to achieve treatments in architectural conservation.

In this paper, some samples have been discussed as case studies. The selected heritage buildings are very well-known representative samples of architectural heritage and identity. The projects will be analyzed to create a clear image to identify the main features of architectural conservation with the suggestion to achieve the best conservation policy. This is done through concluding appropriate and effective regulations and treatments to prevent further mishandling, distortion and deterioration of heritage buildings. Besides, the challenges and problems facing the development of conservation policy to be addressed.

The objective of the paper is to study and evaluate the conservation policy used in the processes of restoration of various examples, which is followed by analytical method based on a historical survey, to contribute to the prevention of distortion and extinction of historical buildings and evaluate their endurance to preserve the identity and architectural sensation of the city. This is by using the best method of conservation policies with specific recommendations to conduct the conservation process in accordance with engineering and scientific methods so that the building achieves renewal, sustainability and the highest historical, architectural and social impact.


Abbas, Sh. 2014. The Policies of Preservation of archaeological- Historical and Heritage buildings. MSc. thesis, Baghdad University, department of architecture: 76-77.

Al-Qaisi, S. 2011. Urban Conservation as a Mechanism of Communication between Form and Moral values. PhD thesis, Baghdad University, Department of Architecture: 89-90.

Borombaly, H. 2006. Integrated Methodology for Redevelopment Heritage cities threw Sustainability, Heritage cities, Luxor. Cairo, Egypt: 12 -17.

Bernard, F. 2003. Conservation of Historic Buildings, third edition. Architectural Press, Linacre House, Jordan Hill, Oxford OX2 8DP, 200 Wheeler Road, Burlington.

Christoph, W. and Janne, A. 2010. Experience with the Rehabilitation of the old town of Aleppo, BTU Cottbus. Conference of “Urban Development of Baghdad and further cities in Iraq”. Cottbus, Germany.

Chuck, Ch. 2016. Buffalo Architecture and History. Milan, April 2016 [On-Line], Available: [Accessed:February, 2017].

Foster, N. and Partner 2001. Norman Foster and the British Museum. New York: 66- 82.

Giuseppe, C. 2010. Preservation and development: Some Lessons to be Followed, Some Mistakes to be avoided. Paper presented in the Mayoralty of Bagdad 1st International Conference: Preservation and Rehabilitation of Iraqi City centres: 34-48.

Green, K. and Heisenbottle, R. 2018. Final Designs Unveiled for the Miami Marine Stadium Historic Restoration. February 8, 2018 [On-Line]. Available: [Accessed: February 21, 2019].

Hill, D. 2018. State Library of Queensland, Brisbane's Cultural Precinct, Australia. August 17, 2018 [On-Line]. Available: [Accessed: 19 Mar 2019]

Ismail, A. 2006. Urban growth in Sulaimani city, Study in Urban Sociology. MSc. thesis, University of Sulaimani: 30-40.

Kareem, N. 2005. Documents of the architectural conservation of the Baghdad city. MSc. thesis, University of Baghdad: 6-7.

Mahmoud, H. 2011. Managing and Controlling the Nominations of World Cultural Heritage Lists. PhD thesis, Cairo University, Department of architecture, Egypt: 122-125.

Mohammed, M., Naseeb, M., and Nano, P. 2014. Urban dimension in the Architectural Product concepts between Local Architecture and global Architectural Works in Some Arab countries. Journal of Engineering Sciences at Damascus University, 30(1): 34-37.

Moatama, H. 2007. Revitalization of old buildings in Palestine. MSc. thesis, National Najah University, Palestine: 56-58.

Morris, M. 2012. The Economic Impact of Historic Resource Preservation, executive officer California Cultural and Historical Endowment: 7-9.

Najjar, N. 2009. Rehabilitation of internal spaces of heritage buildings in Iraq. MSc. thesis, Baghdad University, department of architecture: 86-90.

Orbasli, A. 2011. Tourists in historic town urban conservation and heritage management. London and New York. First published 2000 by E & FN Spon 11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE.

Rahi, N. 2014. Heritage in International, Arab and Iraq law. MSc. Thesis, University of Kufa, Faculty of archaeology: 111-113.

Tai, H. 2015. Sustainable Preservation of Historical buildings. MSc. thesis, University Technology, Department of architecture, urban Design: 70-72.

Taib, A. 1999. Architectural Characteristics of minarets in Mosul’s old mosques. Al-Rafidain Engineering Journal, Mosul University, 1(1): 3-5.

Thomas, S. 2010. Aleppo Diverse – open city. Research presented in the Mayoralty of Bagdad 1st International Conference: Preservation and Rehabilitation of Iraqi City Centers: 3-4.