Optimal Forecasting of Thermal Conductivity and Storage in Parabolic Trough Collector Using Phase Change Materials

  • Ponnusamy Muruganantham
  • D. Balaji


Solar energy is one of a kind in the renewable source of energy practiced for different applications. A thermal storage system in solar energy is one of the least practiced methods in research and the utilization of solar energy in the thermal application is attaining higher responses and quite possible. In this paper, solar heat generation is attained by solar parabolic trough collector using phase change materials. The ideology behind this research is to develop a thermal energy storage system using solar collectors and phase change materials. A composition mixture of MgCl2. 6H2O phase change materials used as a fluid medium in trough collector and thermal efficiency of the material is evaluated. For an effective optimization, an imperialist competitive algorithm is used for optimizing the thermal efficiency of the solar collectors. The thermal efficiency of the collector is numerically experimented in the running platform of Mat Lab and executed regarding heat gain, heat loss and thermal efficiency of the parabolic trough collector respectively. From the research study, it shows the proposed PCM composition is an optimal method for generating heat energy in solar parabolic trough collectors.


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Mechanical Engineering