Solar Water Desalination Using Plate-Like Desalination Unit Enhanced by Air Flow

  • Hasan Mousa
  • Farouq S. Mjalli Petroleum and Chemical Engineering Sultan Qaboos University Muscat, Box 33 PC 123
Keywords: solar desalination, solar units, humidity, productivity, water


A Solar water desalination unit was built and tested. The unit consists mainly of an inclined black plate, glass cover, and condenser. On the black plate metallic strips were attached which act as heating fins, increase water residence time and increase evaporation area. The evaporation was enhanced by blowing air through the unit carrying the water vapor. The water vapor-air mixture was passed through a condenser in which fresh water was obtained. The unit productivity defined as the volume of fresh water obtained/m2-hr was measured and presented. The results showed that the unit is capable of producing 0.2 l/m2-hr with average water electrical conductivity of 52 mS/cm and hot water of ~60oC. It was found that the productivity drops by 21% when the feed water salinity is increased to 20000 ppm. The experimental results showed that the counter current mode of operation enhances the unit productivity by 30%. Recycling the air out of the condenser to the unit improved its productivity by 3.6 folds (360%). Performing mass and energy balance around the condenser to predict the productivity of the unit showed an excellent agreement between the theoretical and the experimental results. 


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Chemical Engineering