Properties and behavior of the dust fallout in the State of Kuwait

  • Hasan A Al-Sanad Kuwait University
  • Nabil F. Ismael Faculty of Engineering, Kuwait university
  • Jasem M. Al-Awadhi Kuwait University
Keywords: dust fallout, soil properties, chemical analysis, soil composition, arid areas, health hazards.

Abstract

Sand storms occur frequently in Kuwait, the gulf states, and other arid climate countries. Most storms occur in the spring and summer months, where dry conditions and high speed winds prevail. While the fine particles in suspension in the air have received attention due to their health hazards associated with inhalation, the material deposited on the ground, cars, roads, windows, and plants has not been examined or investigated. Moreover, the geotechnical properties of the dust fallout
have not been examined.
The dust fallout deposited at one site in Kuwait City, following four sandstorms, wasexamined by laboratory testing. Tests included basic properties, strength, and consolidation. Moreover, chemical and environmental tests were performed to determine the material mineral composition and characteristics. The results indicated that the material is a light weight compressible silt, or silt with sand. The average percent of fines including silt and clay is 87%. The mineral composition indicates
that the principal components are calcite and quartz with an average of 36% and 33%, respectively. The dust is heavily contaminated with arsenic, cadmium, and iron. These harmful compounds are due
to traffic emissions, and other human activities.

Author Biographies

Hasan A Al-Sanad, Kuwait University
Professor,Civil Engineering Department,College of Engineering and Petroleum
Nabil F. Ismael, Faculty of Engineering, Kuwait university

Professor,Civil Engineering Department,College of Engineering and Petroleum

Jasem M. Al-Awadhi, Kuwait University
Professor,Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences,College of Science

References

Al-Awadhi, J.M. & AlShuaibi, A.A. 2013. “Dust fallout in Kuwait city: Deposition and characterization”. Science of the Total Environment. 461-462: 139-148.

Al-Awadhi, J.M. 2005. “Dust fallout characteristics in Kuwait: A case study”. Kuwait J. Sci. Eng. 32(2): 135-152.

Al-Hurban, A.E. & Al-Ostad, A.N. 2010. “Textural characteristics of dust fallout and potential effect on public health in Kuwait city and suburbs”. Environ. Earth Sci. 60: 169-181.

Al-Dousari, A.M. & Al-Awadhi, J. 2012. “Dust fallout in northern Kuwait, major sources and characteristics”. Kuwait J. Sci. 39(2A): 171-187.

Al-Sanad, H.A., Ismael, N.F. & Nayfeh, A.J. 1993. “Geotechnical properties of dune sands in Kuwait”. Engineering Geology 34: 45-52.

AloLayan, M.A., Brown, K.W., Evans, J.S., Bouhamra, W.S. & Koutrakis, P. 2013. “Source apportionment of fine particles in Kuwait City”. Science of the Total Environment 448: 14-25.

Brown, K.W., Bouhamra, W., Lamoureux, D.P., Evans, J.S. & Koutrakis, P. 2008. “Characterization of particulate matter for three sites in Kuwait”. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, Vol. 58: 994-1003.

Draxler, R.R., Gilette Dale, A., Kirkpatrick, J.S. & Hebler, J. 2001. “Estimating PM10 air concentrations from dust storms in Iraq, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia”. Atmospheric Environment 35: 4315-4330.

Environmental Protection Agency 1969. “Air pollution aspects of iron and its compounds. US EPA.

Hahnenberger, M. & Perry, K.D. 2015. “Chemical comparison of dust and soil from the Sevier Dry Lake, UT, USA”. Atmospheric Environment 113: 90-97.

Martin, S. & Griswold, W. 2009. “Human health effects of heavy metals”, Center for Hazardous Substance Research CHSR, Kansas State University, 15: 1-6.

Muller, G., 1969. “Index of geoaccumulation in sediments of the Rhine River”, J. Geol. 2: 108-118.

Sezgin, N., Ozcan, H.K., Demir, G., Nemlioglu, S., Bayat, C. 2003. “Determination of heavy metal concentrations in street dusts in Istanbul E-5 highway”, Environ. Int. 29: 979-985.

Vainio, H. 2017. “Air pollution: The invisible killer”, Proceedings of a Symposium held at Kuwait University Health Science Center HSC, Kuwait.

Published
2018-09-02
Section
Civil Engineering (2)