Analysis on Reclamation and Reuse of Wastewater in Kuwait

  • Esra Aleisa Kuwait University


Kuwait is ranked fifth globally in sanitation coverage. Approximately 90% of the total population has water and sanitation services. Five wastewater treatment plants with a total capacity of 239 million m3/y serve the urban and suburban areas. The per capita wastewater generation in Kuwait is 154.6 m3/capita/y, of which approximately 75% is treated and 58% of which is reused. The country is considering water recycling as a vital non-conventional water source to reduce consumption of expensive desalinated water and reduce overtaxing of depleted aquifers. This study provides a general review of Kuwait current treatment and reuse practices of domestic wastewater and focuses on effluent types, quantities of treated and reused water, future plans, challenges, costs, and tariffs, as well as proposes recommendations for better utilization of treated effluent.

Author Biography

Esra Aleisa, Kuwait University

Esra Aleisa, PhD

Assocaite Prof.

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering Department

College of Engineering and Petroleum

Kuwait University

Khaldia Bldg. # 8KH, 3rdFloor

P.O box 5969

Safat 13060 Kuwait



Email:  ;

Tel: + (965) 2498-5249  (Office)

Tel: + (965) 2498-7527 (Secretary)

Fax: + (965) 2481-6137






Dr. Khawla Al-Shayji

Assistant Prof.

Department of Chemical Engineering

College of Petroleum and Engineering

Kuwait University

P.O. Box 5969

Safat 13060



Tel: +  (965) 2498-5108 (Office)

Tel: + (965) 2498-5599 (Secretary)

Fax: + (965) 2483-9498



*Corresponding Author


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Civil Engineering