Arabic text watermarking tuned for medical e-record semi-authentication


With increasing current healthcare attention, medical e-records have gained vital importance. Medical practical centers such as hospitals and clinics perform common treatments to patients, consequently generating humongous health data to be recorded, needing to be trustfully shared instantaneously between intended specialists for proper diagnosis and treatment. All sensitive e-records need data privacy and authentication with very special priority and care, as can be considered via watermarking. This study focuses on Arabic text watermarking semi-verification utilizing recent counting-based secret-sharing to partially validate the ownership and correctness. The benefit of this approach is its semi-trust of e-records, as needed services provided, even if complete text medical report is a bit delayed for full verification. The exploration tested its proposed strategy on standard Arabic benchmark of 42 Nawawi Hadiths comparing with several related watermarking algorithms in terms of accuracy, capacity, security, and robustness. The research contribution provided promising remarks, which can also be useful for Urdu and Farsi texting opening doors for new semi-watermarking strategies and applications to be tuned for different other languages gaining popularity.

Author Biographies

Adnan Gutub, Umm Al-Qura University
Prof. Adnan Abdul-Aziz Gutub is ranked as Full Professor in Computer Engineering specialized in Information and Computer Security within College of Computers and Information Systems at Umm Al-Qura University (UQU). He has been working as the Vice Dean of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques Institute of the Hajj & OmrahResearch, Known publicly as Hajj Research Institute (HRI), within (UQU), Makkah Al-Mukarramah, all Muslims religious Holy City located within the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Adnan’s academic experience in Computer Engineering was gained from his previous long-time work as Associate Professor, Assistant Professor, Lecturer, and Graduate Assistant, all in Computer Engineering at King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM) in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. He received his Ph.D. degree (2002) in Electrical and Computer Engineering  from Oregon State University, USA. He had his BS in Electrical Engineering and MS in Computer Engineering both from KFUPM, Saudi Arabia. Adnan's research work can be observed through his 90+ publications (international journals and conferences) as well as his 5 US patents registered officially by USPTO. His main research interests involved optimizing, modeling, simulating, and synthesizing VLSI hardware for crypto and security computer arithmetic operations. He worked on designing efficient integrated circuits for the Montgomery inverse computation in different finite fields. He has some work in modeling architectures for RSA and elliptic curve crypto operations. His interest in computer security also involved steganography and secret-sharing focusing on image based steganography and Arabic text steganography as well as counting based secret sharing. Adnan’s research interest in computing and information technology have been broaden to also relate to smart crowd management and intelligent transportation engineering systems because of the involvement in Hajj and OmrahResearch at UQU - Makkah. In summer 2013, Adnan has been awarded 3-month visiting scholar grant in collaboration with Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA. He had been involved in research of current studies related to Arabic Text Steganography in Data Security as well as Elliptic Curve Crypto Processor Designs. His activities at Purdue was in relation to three main research groups: Distributed Multimedia Systems Laboratory, Center for Education and Research in Information Assurance and Security (CERIAS), Visual Analytics for Command, Control, and Interoperability Environments (VACCIEN). Previously, Adnan have been twice awarded the UK visiting internship for 2 months of summer 2005 and summer 2008, both sponsored by the British Council in Saudi Arabia. The 2005 summer research visit was at Brunel University to collaborate with the Bio-Inspired Intelligent System (BIIS) research group in a project to speed-up a scalable modular inversion hardware architecture. The 2008 visit was at University of Southampton with the Pervasive Systems Centre (PSC) for research related to text steganography and data security. Administratively, Adnan Gutub filled many executive and managerial academic positions at KFUPM as well as UQU. At KFUPM - Dhahran, he had the experience of chairing the Computer Engineering department (COE) for five years until moving to Makkah in 2010. Then, at UQU - Makkah, Adnan Chaired the Information Systems Department at the College of Computers and Information Systems followed by his leadership of the Center of Research Excellence in Hajj and Omrah (HajjCoRE) serving as HajjCoRE director for around 3-years until the end of 2013. Then, he was assigned his last position (until March 2016) as the Vice Dean of HRI, i.e. the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques Institute of the Hajj & Omrah Research. For more details about Adnan and his activities, you are welcome to visit the links at the top of the webpage!!
Esraa Almehmadi, Computer Engineering Department, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Esraa Abdullah Almehmadi is a graduate student pursuing Master of Sciences (MS) degree in Computer Science and Engineering from UQU Makkah main campus. Her studies are fully sponsored by the Ministry of Education in Saudi Arabia. Currently her MS Thesis is specialized in “Utilizing Counting-based Secret Sharing to Improve Arabic e-Text Watermarking” under supervision of Prof. Adnan Gutub within computer security track offered, hoping to complete her MS degree requirements soon during 2022.

Computer Engineering