Nanocurcumin potential to increase mitochondrial biogenesis in skeletal muscle via AMPK-PGC-1alpha

  • ASSEEE Conference Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Jl. Dr. Setiabudi no 229., Bandung 40154 ,West Java ,Indonesia
  • Hamidie Ronald Daniel Ray Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
  • Asep Bayu Nandiyanto Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
  • Rita Patriasih Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
  • Abdullah Firmansah Universitas Padjadjaran


Curcumin, which comes from the rhizome Curcuma longa L, is known as the polyphenol with a high level content of natural antioxidants and has benefits on pharmacological activities and human health. The purpose of current study was to investigate the effect of nanocurcumin itself and the combination with exercise on 5' adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), PGC-1α, and mitochondrial protein expression of cytochrome c oxidase subunit IV (COX-IV), in rat gastrocnemius muscle. Adult male Wistar rats were divided into non endurance exercise and endurance exercise groups. Curcumin and nanocurcumin (100 mg/kg-BW/day) were given peroral in both groups for 28 days in order to determine the effect of nanocurcumin on mitochondrial markers including AMPK-PGC-1α and COX-IV. Western blotting (WB) was used to investigate the protein expression on muscle. The result showed that nanocurcumin increased mitochondrial marker protein COX-IV on non exercise and exercise groups. Furthermore, our result demonstrated that nanocurcumin treatment combined with exercise increased the phosphorylation of AMPK and PGC-1α. Addition, nanocurcumin treatment alone, without exercise, also increased PGC-1α protein expression. This current result suggests that nanocurcumin could increase mitochondrial biogenesis markers. When it is used together with exercise, it potentially has the additive effect of exercise to increase mitochondrial markers through AMPK-PGC-1α signaling pathway. In conclusion, nanocurcumin treatment combined with exercise potentially increases mitochondrial biogenesis.