Isotherm Study of Banana Stem Waste Adsorbents to Reduce the Concentration of Textile Dying Waste

  • ASSEEE Conference Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Jl. Dr. Setiabudi no 229., Bandung 40154 ,West Java ,Indonesia
  • Asep Bayu Dani Nandiyanto Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
  • Nissa Nur Azizah Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
  • Salma Rahmadianti Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia


The purpose of this study was to make carbon from banana stem waste and determine the isotherm adsorption characteristics of carbon from banana stem waste to methyl orange compounds. The process for making carbon from banana stem waste was done through the stages of preparation and carbonization at a temperature of 250°C for 1.5 h. Before being used as carbon, banana stem waste was cleaned, washed, dried, and mashed using a mill. The carbon then went through a washing process to remove impurities and tested for its absorbance ability into a solution containing a methyl orange compound under constant conditions of pH, temperature, and pressure. The experimental results showed that the appropriate sequence of adsorption models is the Langmuir, Temkin, Freundlich, and Dubinin-Radushkevich models. Adsorption occurs on the surface of a single layer (monolayer) and the interaction between the adsorbent and the adsorbate occurs physically. The value of maximum adsorption capacity (Qmax) is 37.5940 mg/g. The presence of banana stem carbon is expected to reduce the negative impacts, one of which is the disposal of industrial wastewater from textile factories.