Effect Of Magnetization Of Biodiesel On Its Chemical Properties And Performance And Emission Parameters Of Diesel Engine
Utilization of biodiesel results in lower emissions of hydrocarbons, carbon mono oxide, and smoke. But with the use of biodiesel as fuel emission of Oxides of nitrogen increases along with this some performance parameters also deteriorated. In the present investigation, the fact has been used that, the magnetization of fuels containing hydrocarbon changes the chemical properties as well as orientation and arrangement of molecules of fuel. In this experimental investigation density and calorific values of biodiesel have been determined. In another setup of experimentation on a single-cylinder four-stroke diesel engine, observations are taken with diesel, biodiesel blend containing 20% biodiesel (BD20), and magnetized biodiesel (BD20+MF) as fuel. Results of this investigation show that, the magnetization of biodiesel is not only helpful in increasing performance parameters like brake specific fuel consumption and brake thermal efficiency but also it helps to control the emissions of carbon mono oxide, oxides of nitrogen, hydrocarbons, and smoke. Maintaining the magnetic field just before the entry of the combustion chamber on the fuel line is a little hard, due to the regular increase in temperature of the spot where magnets are kept. It is possible that, if the strength of the magnetic field is increased then, there may be further improvement in performance and engine parameters, as in this investigation only 4000 Gauss Magnetic field has been used.