Ant Colony Optimization based Optimal Tuning of Fractional Order (FO) PID Controller for controlling the Speed of a DC Motor
This paper deals with the use of a FOPID Controller for the direct current motor speed controlling process. FOPID Controller consists of fractional integral-derivative terms along with the integer-order proportional terms. It is a specific controller in which orders of derivative and integral lie in between fractions of 0 and 1. Mathematical model of DC motor and controller is presented whose field has been excited by an external source. In this paper, the simulation part of a DC motor for controlling its speed using a FOPID Controller has been performed. FOPID Controller has been found to be more flexible than the conventional PID Controller and more robust. There are five degrees of freedom in FOPID controller contrary to traditional PID controller which have only three. The values of the five parameters (Kp, Ki, Kd, λ, μ) of a FOPID Controller have been improved by reducing the ITAE (Integral Time Absolute Error) cost to best possible value using the ACO i.e. Ant Colony Optimization Technique. The closed loop ZNT (Ziegler-Nichols Tuning) method used for the tuning of DC motor. Simulink model of proposed system has been developed and simulated to find out the minimum cost. The intensification in the steady and transient behaviors of the system. The results also exhibit significant improvement in the rise time, settling time and peak overshoot as compared to the other optimization methods.