Students' perspective towards online proctoring in exams during COVID-19

  • Abdullah M Almutawa Computer Engineering Department, Kuwait University, Kuwait
  • Sai Sruthi Computer Engineering Department, Kuwait University, Kuwait


The World Health Organization (WHO) declared Covid-19 as a pandemic in early 2020. As a result, the organization has decided to close all educational institutions, and thereby conventional classroom learning has become obsolete. And as a consequence, exams taken online have become an essential part of an online assessment. The critical issue that arises is how to maintain online exam credibility and student honesty during online exams. In this work, we study the acceptance of online exams by Kuwait University students exposed to online proctoring during the lockdown. We proposed an acceptance model based on the TAM framework but with twelve constructs applied to three proctoring methods: AI proctoring, live human proctoring, and blended proctoring. The data is collected using an online survey from 478 college students. The partial least square structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) method is used to process the collected data. The findings indicate that live-human and mixed proctoring provide a greater level of satisfaction than AI proctoring.