The Performance of Thirty-Eight Evapotraspiation Methods against the Penman Montieth Method
Evapotranspiration is an important parameter to know in the management of agricultural water resources. There are several methods for estimating evapotranspiration (ETo). The FAO Penman-Monteith method is considered the universal standard for estimating ETo, however, the climate parameter data needed to calculate the ETo of the Penman-Monteith FAO method are not always available, so it is necessary to evaluate performance using several ETo equations as a comparison in estimating evapotranspiration. This study aims to find the performance of the ETo 38 empirical method against the FAO Penman Monteith method and the climatological data parameters that most influence the accuracy of the calculations. The data used is in the form of climatological data for Bora Station which represents land and settlement areas, Boladangko Station representing mountainous areas and Singkoyo Station representing coastal areas with an observation period of 32 years (1986-2017). The performance of the 38 empirical methods was evaluated using the PE, RMSE, MAE, MR and slope methods, either individually or in combination. The results of this study indicate that: the Makkink method, Abtew1, Irmak et al., Tabari & Talaee1, Valiantzas1 and Abtew3 showed excellent performance, while the WMO and Mahringer methods performed poorly in the three research locations; the number of climatological parameters used had no significant effect on the ETo results obtained. The use of climatological parameters in the form of temperature and solar radiation in the ETo calculation has the greatest effect on the accuracy of the ETo value.
Keywords: evapotranspiration; Penman-Monteith; empirical method, performance