Evaluating and Managing MSDs in Domestic Tasks through Ergonomics.

Living skills outcome measures

  • Dr. Anis Fatima NED University of Engineering and Technology
  • Dr. Asim Zaheer
  • Dr Jennifer Rowson



An increasing number of elderly people in recent years have raised the issue of expense on disability/dependency. The common cause of disability/dependency in elderly people is musculoskeletal pain and related indications (Urwin et al., 1998). Therefore, Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) has become worldwide dilemma (Sanders, 1997).The risk of MSDs occurs both within and outside the work environment where it is being performed (Hedge et al., 2002).


The main object of this study is to examine the domestic tasks, performed within home environment.


A survey was conducted to identify the hardest tasks, to perform in a home environment. A newly developed tool called “task assessment tool for ease and risk (TAER)”(Zaheer et al., 2018) is used to identify associated risk involved.


Survey result showed that top three main task, numerous people struggle with, are general housekeeping (mopping), laundry and food cooking. It was found that TEAR analysed results were in accordance with the survey results.


TAER successfully evaluates quantitatively, the psychological perception of the general population in relation to the performance of the domestic tasks. By providing this tool to the entire community through health care services will enable people to maintain their independence and stay in their own home as long as possible. Moreover the comprehensive recommendation was provided on performing the daily chores, consequently minimise the chances of developing MSDs in later age. Also, it was concluded that identifying the risk level in carrying out the particular tasks might help the ergonomist and/or product designer to formulate procedures that provides ease in accomplishing domestic tasks.

Mechanical Engineering