Strength properties of roller compacted concrete containing GGBS as partial replacement of cement

Sorabh Saluja, Shweta Goyal, Bishwajit Bhattacharjee

Abstract


The present research is aimed to achieve zero slump concrete (roller compacted concrete) in laboratory environment by using soil approach. Roller compacted concrete (RCC) consists of an mixture of cementitious materials, sand, dense graded aggregates, water. RCC is used mainly for a heavy duty pavement and variety of industrial application. Different RCC mixture are prepared for  0%, 20%, 40% and 60%  replacement of ordinary Portland cement with ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS). Optimum water content of each mix is finalized after conducting compaction test for each replacement level. Strength and micro structural properties of RCC mix modified with GGBS are investigated. The resultant properties are discussed in light of stoichiometric analysis of concrete with cementitious materials. The results indicate that RCC mix containing GGBS gives lower early age strength as compared to the control mix and the strength of GGBS mixes improves with age. Further, the test results the strength properties of RCC mixture containing GGBS increases upto 40% replacement level of OPC with GGBS. SEM morphology also shows dense, compact and uniformly spread C-S-H gel in RCC mix containing 40% GGBS.    


Keywords


GGBS; optimum moisture content; RCC; soil compaction; stoichiometric analysis.

Full Text:

PDF

References


ACI 207.5R, 1988. Roller compacted mass concrete. ACI material journal committee report. Tilte no. 85-M44.

ACI 211.3R -02, 2002. Guide for selecting proportions for No- slump concrete. American Concrete Institute.

ACI 325.10R -95, 2001. Report on roller-compacted concrete pavements. American Concrete Institute.

Aghabaglou, A.M., Ramyar, K., 2013. Mechanical properties of high volume fly ash roller compacted concrete designed by maximum density method. Construction and Building Materials, 38:356-364.

ASTM C 1170/C1170M -08, 2008. Standard test method for determining consistency and density of roller compacted concrete using a vibrating table. American Society of Testing and Materials, Philadelphia.

ASTM C 1176/C1176 M -08, 2008. Standard practice for making roller compacted concrete in cylinder molds using a vibrating table. American Society of Testing and Materials, Philadelphia.

ASTM D1557-09, 2009. Standard test methods for Laboratory compaction characteristics of soil using modified efforts. American Society of Testing and Materials, Philadelphia.

Atis, C.D., 2005. Strength properties of high-volume fly ash roller compacted and workable concrete, and influence of curing condition. Cement and Concrete research, 35:1112-1121.

Atis, C.D., Sevim, U.K., Ozcan, F., Bilim, C., Karahan, O., Tanrikulu, A.H. & Eksi, A., 2004. Strength properties of roller compacted concrete containing a non-standard high calcium fly ash. Materials Letters, 58:1446-1450.

Babu, G.K.,& Kumar, V.S.R. 2000. Efficiency of GGBS in concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 30:1031-1036.

BIS 12089-1987, Reconfirmed 2004. Specification for Granulated Slag for the manufacture of Portland Slag cement. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.

BIS 516 – 1959, Reconfirmed 2004. Indian Standard Methods of Tests for Strength of Concrete. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.

BIS 8112- 1989, Reconfirmed 2005. Specification for 43 Grade Ordinary Portland Cement. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.

Cao, C., Sun, W. & Qin, H., 2000. The analysis on strength and fly ash effect of roller-compacted concrete with high volume fly ash. Cement and Concrete research, 30:71-75.

Chidiac, S.E., & Panesar, D.K. 2008. Evolution of mechanical properties of concrete containing ground granulated blast furnace slag and effects on the scaling resistance test at 28days.Cement and Concrete Composites, 30(1): 63–71.

Hesami, S., Modarres, A., Soltaninejad, M. &Madani, H., 2016. Mechanical properties of roller compacted concrete pavement containing coal waste and lime stone powder as partial replacement of cement. Construction and Building Materials, 111:625-636.

Kocaba V.,Gallucci, E.& Scrivener K., 2012. Methods for determination of degree of slag reaction in blended cement pastes. Cement and Concrete Research, 42:511-525.

Kolani, B., Lacarriere, L. B., Sellier, A., Escadeillas, G., Boutillon, L. & Linger, L., 2012. Hydration of slag blended cements. Cement and Concrete Composites, 34(9):1009-1018.

Li, G. & Zhao, X., 2003. Properties of concrete incorporating fly ash and ground granulated blast-furnace slag. Cement and Concrete Composites, 25:293-299.

Liu, S, Wang, Z. & Li X., 2014. Long- term properties of concrete containing ground granulated blast furnace slag and steel slag. Magazine of Concrete Research, 66(21): 1095-1103.

Neville, A.M. 2012. Properties of Concrete (4th ed.). Dorling Kindersley Publishing ,inc. pp.12 -30 .

Oner, A. & Akyuz, S., 2007. An experimental study on optimum usage of GGBS for the compressive strength of concrete. Cement and Concrete Composites, 29:505-514.

Piotr, P. & Piotrowski, T., 2016. Bound water content measurement in cement pastes by Stoichiometric and gravimetris analyses. Journal of Building Chemistry, 1:18-25.

Sarkar S.L., Aimin X.,& Jana D. 2000. Scanning electron microscopy , X-ray microanalysis of concrete. In: Ramachandran, V.S. & Beaudoin, J. J. Handbook of analytical techniques in concrete science and technology. Noyes publications, New Jersy, U.S.A. 231-253.

Rao, S.K., Sravana, P. & Rao, T.C., 2016. Abrasion resistance and mechanical properties of roller compacted concrete with GGBS. Construction and Building Materials, 114:925-933.

Rao, S.K., Sravana, P. & Rao, T.C., 2016. Investigating the effect of M-sand on abrasion resistance of fly ash roller compacted concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 118: 352-363.

Stephant, S., Chomat, L., Nonat, A. & Charpentier, T., 2015. Influence of the slag content on the hydration of blended cement. 14th international congress on the chemistry of cement, Beijing.

Swamy, R.N. & Bouikni, A. 1990. Engineering properties of slag concrete as influenced by mix proportioning and curing. ACI Material journal, 87:210-220.

Vahedifard, F., Nili, M. & Meehan, C.L., 2010. Assessing the effect of supplementary cementitious materials on the performance of low-cement roller compacted concrete pavement. Construction and Building Materials, 24:2528-2535.

Yazici, S., Tuyan, M., Mardani-Aghabaglou, A. & Ute, A.A., 2015. Mechanical properties and impact resistance of roller compacted concrete containing polypropylene fibre. Magazine of concrete research, 67 (16):867-875.

Zhou, X.M., Slater, J.R., Wavell, S.E. & Oladiran, O., 2012. Effects of PFA and GGBS on early ages engineering properties of Portland cement systems. Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology, 10:74-85.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.