A study of assistance of lighting indicators to assist way-finding for firefighting and rescue services

Yih-Cheng Lin, Chieh-Hsin Tang, Ying-Ji Chuang, Ching-Yuan Lin

Abstract


Most existing researches discuss way-finding from the view of refugees, and seldom is the issue explored through the viewpoint of fire fighting and rescue. If the time firefighters spend for way-finding can be decreased during a fire, it would reduce losses of life and properties effectively. Thus, in order to analyze possibilities for enhancing way-finding efficacy in an actual fire, this study employed a full scale real space for fire rescue experiments to discuss relevant issues such as fire fighting and rescue crews’ way-finding, behavioral characteristics and addition of supplementary signs. The results are as follow: 1. Existing rescue models indicate that gender, search sequence and search and rescue training affect way-finding the most. 2. Addition of fire location signs can reduce way-finding time greatly and there is no significant difference between firefighters with varying backgrounds. 3. Way-finding sequence is the main reason for the length of time, thus existing training programs should strengthen graphic reading training to increase the ability to establish search and rescue plans.


Keywords


Fire Fighting and Rescue, Supplementary sign, Way-finding

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References


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